- Male Urinary Diseases
Many males have urinary symptoms such as frequent visits to pass urine, needing to pass urine again soon after visiting the toilet and occasionally, sudden urge to pass urine, which may result in urine leakage before reaching the toilet. In addition, some may experience poor urinary flow, needing to strain and the urine tends to drip at the end of the flow. Read More >>
- Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a form of cancer in the prostate gland, which is found only in males. In Singapore, more and more cases of prostate cancers are detected each year. This is probably due, in part, to increased health awareness among the public leading to more undergoing health screening. Most prostate cancers are detected through health screening. Read More >>
- Blood in the urine
Hematuria refers to the presence of blood in the urine. The blood can either be seen with the naked eye (also referred to as gross hematuria) or detected from urine tests (microscopic hematuria). Read More >>
- Reconstructive Urology
Reconstructive urology re-establishes structure of the urinary tract that has been disrupted by disease, trauma, etc. Narrowing or strictures of the urethra or the ureter often require reconstructive surgery. Another procedure is the reconstruction of the urinary bladder using intestines following bladder cancer surgery.
- Urinary Incontinence / Urine Leak
Urinary incontinence or Urine Leak is any involuntary leakage of urine and affects both men and women. Although it is common and negatively impacts the quality of life, it is often ignored as many patients believe it is related to ageing. Ironically, incontinence often results from underlying medical conditions which can be treated. Read More: Urine Leak
- Female Urology
Female urology deals with urinary incontinence in women including overactive bladder, stress incontinence, etc. Depending on the cause, treatment can either be medicinal or surgery. Often, urodynamics aid in the diagnosis and treatment.
Urodynamics refers to the study of the function, as opposed to the structure, of the bladder and urinary outlet. It assesses the storage and voiding functions of the lower urinary tract.
- Urinary/Kidney Stone Disease
Urinary stones can be managed with non-invasive techniques such asextra-corporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) or minimally invasive surgeries. Endourology is the branch of urology that deals with minimally invasive surgical procedures. Using fine instruments, virtually all parts of the urinary tract is accessible and stone can be treated in this manner.
Read More: Prevention of kidney stone, Treatment of kidney stone
- Urological Cancers
Common urological malignancies include cancers of the prostate, kidney and bladder. Depending on the nature and stage of the cancer, management may include radiation therapy, medical oncology and/or surgery.
Prostate Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Kidney Cancer
- Prostate Diseases
A very common prostate disease is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which afflicts many men above the age of 50 and causes urinary frequency, urgency, poor flow, nocturia. It can be treated with medication or surgery.Another common condition is prostate cancer. Localised prostate cancer can be managed with watchful waiting, radiation therapy or surgery – either open or robotic.
Neurourology pertains to urinary problems in patients with neurological conditions, such as strokes, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury. Many experience inability to void, urinary leakage or urgency. Urodynamics play an important role in the assessment and management include intermittent catheterisation, oral medication, injection of botulinum and less commonly, surgery.
- Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeries
Laparoscopy is a branch of Urology utilising minimal access to remove kidney tumours, etc. Small incisions in the skin are made and the surgery is carried out using special instruments. Robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy uses a robot to remove the prostate in cases of prostate cancer. A proven benefit of a robotic prostatectomy is less blood loss.
- Kidney Transplant
Kidney transplant is one option of managing patients with kidney failure. The kidney can either be from a deceased donor or living donor. Living kidney transplants used to be restricted to donors being related to the recipient but nowadays, non-living related transplants renal transplants are also performed.